Start Gender and contextual factors in adolescent dating violence

Gender and contextual factors in adolescent dating violence

Such initiatives aim to raise awareness among potential victims and offenders as well as among peer bystanders and offer adequate interventions following disclosure.

Meanwhile, it has also been pointed out that even national CVS tend to underestimate domestic violence because of victims’ embarrassment to report the abuse to an interviewer and violent incidents not being labelled as a crime by the victim (Wells and Rankin, 1995).

In addition, repeat victimization, which is particularly important in partner violence, is not fully appreciated due to capping of the number of incidents that can be recorded in CVS (Nazaretian and Merolla, 2013).

Other reasons for not reporting are shame and embarrassment (Kidd and Chayet, 1984, Sabina and Ho, 2014, Seimer, 2004).

Shame, self-blame and fear of the offender largely explain underreporting of partner violence (Felson et al., 2002).

Psychological distress, behavioral problems, suicidal ideation, substance abuse as well as significant impairment in everyday life and in the school context are consequences frequently reported by young people experiencing DV (Banyard and Cross, 2008, Exner-Cortens et al., 2013, Foshee and Reyes, 2012).

Such consequences are likely to be particularly severe if teens do not access support services, which is sadly often the case, and DV remains hidden.

In addition, victims do not always think an incident is serious enough to report.

Fohring (2014) suggests that victims do not always label incidents as a crime or downplay the seriousness of the incident because they want to avoid being labelled as a victim (Fohring, 2014).

Moreover, victims of domestic violence have been found to use disclosure to the police as a tool for negotiation with the offender and to stop the aggression (Wemmers and Cousineau, 2005).

However, following a review of 45 studies into college DV specifically, Sabina and Ho conclude that rates of reporting to police varied from 0% for sexual coercion, date rape, and DV to 12.9% for forced sexual assault (Sabina and Ho, 2014).

DV is a major public health issue; its long-term effects involve significant costs to health care systems and society (Leen et al., 2013, Offenhauer and Buchalter, 2011).